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How to Treat HyperPigmentation with Expert Guidance?

Posted: July 13, 2021
Category: Blog
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Do you often observe dark spots on your face and discolouration of small areas on your body? These signs are related to skin pigmentation. Also called Hyperpigmentation. And the question raises “what causes it”?

What is Pigmentation?

Every girl’s first fear is pigmentation because it affects her appearance. This happens because we have certain cells which are pigment cells also called melanocytes that produce a pigment called melanin. Normally, melanin is usually distributed in the skin and decides the colour that we normally possess. 

Our skin usually gets darker due to internal and external factors. The most common reason that is responsible for pigmentation is ultraviolet radiation or sunlight and one of the common problems that many are facing nowadays is hormones significantly in women. Any of these factors are responsible for enhancing pigment cells in the skin or affect the cells that cause more melanin. 

What causes hyperpigmentation? And how can they be treated?

There are two vital reasons for hyperpigmentation to occur:

  • The high melanocytes concentration which is responsible for the production of melanin within the skin.
  • Hyperactivation of melanocytes

There are many causes of hyperpigmentation which may include in any of the reasons:

  • Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH):-

The inflammation is usually caused by the skin damage due to burns, psoriasis, acne lesions, and skin friction. The appearance of skin texture varies in size, shape and place depending upon the skin damage. Acne also causes light to dark spots on the face or trunk. Generally, this condition eliminates the skin regeneration system activation. 

Protection from UV rays and proper SPF sunscreen lotions can cure these conditions along with some peels and laser combinations. 

  • UV Exposure / Sunlight:-

Prolonged exposure to the sun results in skin damage and tan. The skin that is damaged by the ultraviolet rays appears to be mottled, tanned and with uneven pigmentation. More exposure to the sun increases the production of melanin which causes dullness to the skin. Deeper connective tissue damage also causes fine lines, wrinkling, sagging skin along with hyperpigmentation.  

Protecting skin from direct sunlight and the treatment of laser, light-based treatments and chemical peels help in reducing the tan and sun damage.

  • Melasma:-

Melasma is a condition that causes discolouration to the skin. The affected patches are usually darker than the normal skin tone. It mostly occurs on the face and is symmetrical on both sides of the face. Other areas that are exposed to the sun also cause Melasma. 

Melasma can be treated with laser treatments, peels depending upon the skin tone, type and severity of the problem. 

  • Freckles:-

When melanin gets deposited in a particular area, freckles are formed. This is usual for people with fairer skin tone and occurs significantly due to sun exposure. This problem is treated by using Q-switched lasers to give maximum effect. 

Discolouration usually occurs on the:

  • Cheeks
  • Forehead
  • Bridge of the nose
  • Chin

People who are suffering from hormonal problems with estrogen and progesterone sensitivity are also included with this condition. 

Peri – Oral Pigmentation:-

This condition is caused due to dandruff, thyroid, many usages of cosmetics, and some genetic reasons. Peri – Oral pigmentation condition is cured with chemical peels, Retinoid, anti-fungal, Kojic acid and anti-dandruff medications. 

Here is the detailed information of methods treating hyperpigmentation:-

Skincare products:-

  • Sunscreen:-

The use of sunscreen with SPF 30 and above is highly recommended during direct sun exposure to prevent hyperpigmentation due to UV rays. 

  • Retinoid:-

Retinoid is usually used in the treatment of hyperpigmentation as they help in reducing melanin and reduce the dark spots that are caused by hyperpigmentation. It also assists in treating acne and helps to prevent future hyperpigmentation. 

  • Kojic Acid:-

Kojic acid helps in making the skin lighter by reducing the dark patches which are caused by hyperpigmentation. It also acts as the exfoliator which additionally repairs the skin and elevates the skin’s healing process.

Chemical peels:-

Chemical peels treatment for hyperpigmentation derives an enhanced result when many treatments are unable to provide the best results. Chemical skin peels are requisite and natural skincare ingredients that include lactic, salicylic and glycolic acids that help in rejuvenating skin and increase cell turnover. 

Laser treatment:-

Laser treatment is one of the most effective methods to treat pigmentation. The specially designed laser eradicates only the cells that contain an excessive pigment which doesn’t cause any effect to the surrounding tissues and removes normal skin tone. 

Science of skin, the best cosmetology clinic in Hyderabad provides the best treatment in curing hyperpigmentation and gives an even tone presence to your skin. Whatever your skin tone is or whatever the skin problem is, you can visit the science of skin clinic for the best pigmentation treatment in Hyderabad.If you are worried about hair loss and wondering where to find the best treatment? Contact the science of the clinic and experience the wonders in your life. They have the best hair specialist doctors in Hyderabad to provide the best hair treatments without any hassles.

Read the Previous Article: How to Cope Up with the COVID-19 related Hair Loss?


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